Charles Schribner's Sons. And when He had manifested Himself, He ascended into the heavens” (Romans 15:9). If any one day in the week were invested with the sacred character of the Sabbath, it would have been wholly impossible for the Apostle to commend or uphold the man who judged all days worthy of equal honour,—who as in Romans 14:6 paid no regard to the (any) day. They did it as a matter of respect to him and his institutions, to promote his glory, and to advance his kingdom. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/romans-14.html. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind—be guided in such matters by conscientious conviction. Ver. In Romans 14:1—15:13, Paul addresses this issue. This is a very important question in regard to the Lord's day. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". "Commentary on Romans 14:5". Let every man ... - That is, subjects of this kind are not to be pressed as matters of conscience. Paneg. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. II. That they were imbued with these notions, was an evidence of their weakness; they would have thought otherwise, had they possessed a certain and a clear knowledge of Christian liberty. It is for purposes of business, gain, war, amusement, dissipation, visiting, crime. Chapter 7. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. The word alike should not be added; nor is it acknowledged by any MS. or ancient version. 1897-1910. If any object and say, that infirmity is ever perplexing, and that hence such certainty as Paul requires cannot exist in the weak: to this the plain answer is, — That such are to be pardoned, if they keep themselves within their own limits. "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/romans-14.html. The appointment of those days had a special reference “to the Jews.” They were designed to keep them as a separate people, and to prepare the nation for the “reality,” of which their rites were but the shadow. Romans 14 tackles an issue as relevant for the modern church as it was for Roman believers in Paul's era. ἕκαστος κ. τ. And as those who were the instruments of bringing him to the knowledge of God gave him no such injunctions, consequently he paid to these no religious regard. But if people took the trouble, they could at any time arrive at its root and express that in a definite statement. 1879-90. www.easyenglish.bible. Could you comment about that chapter? It is without grounds that some would pretend from hence, that Christians cannot be bound to fast, or abstain from flesh on certain days. Such a household lives under a paternal despotism, a government which may have some good results as long as the children are quite young, but the results of which are evil in a home when the age of childhood is passed as they are evil in a state when the age of barbarism has been gone through. And then we have the result that, whereas one’s esteem raises a particular day to a certain holy elevation over another, so the other’s esteem assumes to raise all to the same holy elevation. See on most surely believed, Luke 1:1. The propriety of observing “that day” does not appear to have been a matter of controversy. One man esteemeth one day above another; another esteemeth every day alike. another esteemeth every day alike; that is, one that is strong in faith, and has a greater degree of the knowledge of the Gospel, and of evangelical liberty, knows that the distinction of days, as well as of meats, is taken away, since the word was made flesh, and tabernacled among us, Christ the passover is sacrificed for us, the firstfruits of the Spirit have been received, and light by the church from the sun of righteousness, and Christ the true sabbath and rest is come; and therefore, being firmly persuaded there is no more holiness in days than there is in places, has the same regard for one day as another. The veneration of these days was a weakness; but still it was not a vital matter, and therefore should not be allowed to disturb the harmony of Christian intercourse, or the peace of the church. 393 ( κρἵνε σέβας τὸ πρὸς θεῶν); Plat. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. The Expositor's Greek Testament. And there is proof from the apostle’s conduct that he did esteem one day above another. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/romans-14.html. As long as their opinions are the mere echoes of those that rule the household nothing is said, but the moment they differ from them restriction comes in. Another esteems every day. Romans 4:21, and Lightfoot’s note on Colossians 4:12. νοῦς (Romans 7:23) is the moral intelligence, or practical reason; by means of this, enlightened by the Spirit, the Christian becomes a law to himself. If anything is remarkable in Christianity, it is the way in which it gave an impulse to individual thought and to the freedom of self-development. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Many Christians of Jewish background had faithfully observed the sabbaths, festivals, and celebrations of the Jewish institutions from childhood, and therefore counted such occasions more holy than others, continuing to mark and observe them even after their acceptance of Christianity, in such a manner "esteeming one day above another." Romans 14:5-6 Live By One's Conscience trains the individual believer to live by self-control with respect to how he might think of another. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Alike is inserted. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/romans-14.html. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". When Paul wrote, Sabbath and Jewish feast day observances were matters of disagreement among Christians. Here then the Apostle applies the best rule, when he bids every one to be fully assured as to his own mind; by which he intimates that there ought to be in Christians such a care for obedience, that they do nothing, except what they think, or rather feel assured, is pleasing to God. Romans 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. They were designed to keep them as a separate people, and to prepare the nation for the "reality," of which their rites were but the shadow. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". The expression means that one would set a higher value on one day than on another, or would regard it as more sacred than others. (2) the “Lord‘s day” was doubtless observed by “all” Christians, whether converted from Jews or Gentiles; see 1 Corinthians 16:2; Acts 20:7; Revelation 1:10; compare the notes at John 20:26. The second case, as to indifferent things, is about the observation of days. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". www.easyenglish.bible. 11; Isocr. This direction pertains to the subject under discussion, and not to any other. We hold then, (1) that God practically says to man, "Fight out every question; I give you absolute freedom of thought on them, and I wish you to use it." (3) it is expressly said that those who did not regard the day regarded it as not to God, or to honor God; Romans 14:6. Romans 14 – Helping a Weaker Brother A. Don’t judge each other in doubtful things. That the apostle did not mean to say that it was a matter of indifference whether it should be kept as holy, or devoted to business or amusement, is plain from the following considerations. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. If the “Jew” esteemed it wrong to eat meat, he was to abstain from it; if the Gentile esteemed it right, he was to act accordingly. The apostle speaks only of the distinction of meats, called clean and unclean, and of fasts or feasts peculiar to the law of Moses. BibliographyHodge, Charles. Verse four is an exhortation to both strong and weak believers not to judge each other, because God ratifies each one on His own terms. Actually, these verses do not concern any days that must be kept holy. Let every man be fully persuaded - That a thing is lawful, before he does it. The question has been agitated whether the apostle intends in this to include the Christian Sabbath. Romans 15:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 15:5, NIV: "May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give you the same attitude of mind toward each other that Christ Jesus had," Romans 15:5, ESV: "May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus," Romans 15:5, KJV: "Now the God of patience … We ought to fall in with the method of God's education of the race, and the way to do it is for the state in public life, and for ourselves in social and private life, to give perfect liberty of thought and its expression on all possible subjects. To the same purport (Romans 14:21) he recommends it to our care not to give offence to any one by the use of lawful things: It is good neither to eat flesh nor to drink wine; these are things lawful indeed and comfortable, but not necessary to the support of human life, and therefore we may, and must, deny ourselves in them, rather than give offence. (1-2) Receiving the weaker brother. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". Let each be fully satisfied in his own mind, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "E.W. (Witham) --- The apostle here treats only of the subject in hand, viz. Therefore, when Romans 14:5 is read in this context, we believe it is referring to religious holidays. It is now said that liberty is not only an indefinite term, but that it is nothing more than a negation. The only inquiry was, whether it was proper to add to that the observance of the Jewish Sabbaths, and days of festivals and fasts. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - ROMANS 14 Romans 13 - Romans 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . --- And another judgeth every day. Christians have no Sabbath Day on this earth. Is their design ever to promote his honor, and to advance in the knowledge of him, by “neglecting” his holy day? Should have his own mind. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". The difference between these two lay here, the weak brother regarded a day for the sake of a day, as having by a positive law, he supposed to be in force, a superiority to another, and he regarded worship for the sake of this day; the stronger brother, though he also observed a day for divine worship, which is the Lord's day, since there must be some time for it as well as place, yet he observed the day for the sake of worship, and not worship for the sake of the day: let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind; this is the advice the apostle gives to both parties; his sense is, that he would have each of them fully enjoy their own principle and practice undisturbed; he would have the weak brother, that esteemed one day above another, indulged in his way, since it arose from weakness, until he had better light, nor should he be despised for his weakness; he would have the stronger Christian also peaceably enjoy his sentiment, and pursue what he believed to be right; nor should he be judged, censured, and condemned, as a profane person, and a transgressor of the law: his counsel is, that they would sit down and carefully examine the word of God, and act according to the best light they should receive from thence; and take care especially, that they did not act contrary to their own consciences, with doubt and hesitation; they ought to be thoroughly satisfied in their own minds, and being so, should content themselves with their different sentiments and practices, without despising or censuring one another. When the Messiah came, the passover, the feast of tabernacles, and the other special festivals of the Jews, of course vanished, and it is perfectly clear that the apostles never intended to inculcate their observance on the Gentile converts. Chapter 12. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/romans-14.html. Esteemeth every day alike ( κρίνει πᾶσαν ἡμέραν ). There were no men in the whole of the world's history who devoted themselves more entirely to questions of this sort than the Jewish Pharisees. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". For a father to do that for his child is bad enough—for a state or a church to do it for a large number of their subjects is worse still; and whenever this liberty is repressed by force of arms, those who do it are fighting against God. II. The obvious inference from his strain of arguing is, that he knew of no such obligation, but believed all times and days to be, to the Christian strong in faith, ALIKE. This last statement is another Proof that Paul is dealing with matter"s neither right nor wrong within themselves. Note what is said by “Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Adam Clarke, LL.D., F.S.A., (1762-1832)” “Romans 14:5 - One man esteemeth one day above another - Perhaps the word ημεραν, day, is here taken for time, festival, and such like, in which sense it is frequently used. And through all, his "parents"—who have always reverenced his soul, always given his questioning intelligence and soul freedom of expression, always looked forward to, and when it came accepted, even with joy, the time when he would emancipate himself from the narrower interests and say, "Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? 1871-8. Part of The Bible Teaching Commentary on the Book of Romans. Paul will not now condemn this high strain of conscience; but he will defend the esteemer of one day above another against the censoriousness of this ultra pietist. Arnold, Sermons, vol. Something of the same sort is very possible still. For ὃς μὲν see Romans 14:2. κρίνει ἡμ. through Romans 16:27, then several appendices on subjects relating to Romans. So then, if they both aim at the same end, they ought not to condemn one another for each other's act. One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day — The supplement “alike” should be omitted, as injuring the sense. Though hampered by lack of any outline to relate things, the work has much gold if one has time … Finding the new version too difficult to understand? And that is true enough. ἐν τ. ἰδίῳ νοΐ] i.e. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/romans-14.html. If he wants to honor a certain day, let him do as his conscience requires. ... ÷ROMANS 14:5-9. Let the heart be filled with a sincere desire to “honor the Lord Jesus,” and the Christian Sabbath will be reverenced, and devoted to the purposes of piety. Let every man … - That is, subjects of this kind are not to be pressed as matters of conscience. And men have always felt this and every struggle for liberty of thought becomes a religious one, and ought to be considered as such. The converts were not immediately prohibited their accustomed practices, but they were tolerated in them for a while, till fully instructed. In some cases what a passage does not state is more important than what it explicitly states. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". The sentiment of the passage is this, ‘One man observes the Jewish festivals, another man does not.' ; and there is no more propriety in supposing that the subject of the Lord's day is introduced here than that he advances principles respecting "baptism" and "the Lord's supper.". Epist.). "—remain his friends, trusted, believed in, communicated with. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. Some Christians, therefore, thought it incumbent on them to observe these days; others were of a contrary opinion. 4 … 1700-1703. 5. Unity among Christians 1835. (another) day; another (the strong) esteems ( ἀξίαν τιμῆς) every day. This is the general principle on which Christians are called to act in relation to festival days and fasts in the church. "The Bible Study New Testament". It should now be clear that the context and the meaning of all these three passages is the ceremonial law with all its various holy day festivals, new moons and ceremonial sabbaths. This is a very important question in regard to the Lord‘s day. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/romans-14.html. 5 One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. But the Jewish observance of days, continued under Christianity, so naturally agrees with the Essenic-Jewish character of the weak in faith generally, that there is no sufficient ground for thinking, with Ewald, of the observance of Sunday (at that time not yet generally established), and for seeing in Romans 14:5-6 only an example illustrating the preceding, and not a real point of difference (comp. Consider his words in his letter to the Magnesians (c. 110 AD), ‘If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope,no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death --’ (Romans 9:1). If some Christians deem them to be for edification, and suppose that their piety will be promoted by observing the days which commemorate the birth, and death, and temptations of the Lord Jesus, they are not to be reproached or opposed in their celebration. Nor does "esteeming every day alike" authorize the Lord's Supper to be observed on just any day. Romans 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day {alike}. Cf. This is a very important question in regard to the Lord‘s day. Day above another—Literally, day over day. But all the same, it does not prove that the idea is indefinite in itself. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/romans-14.html. Who knows not that the Christian Sabbath has never been neglected or profaned by any design to glorify the Lord Jesus, or to promote his kingdom? And if any man is disposed to plead “this passage” as an excuse for violating the Sabbath, and devoting it to pleasure or gain, let him quote it “just as it is,” that is, let “him neglect the Sabbath from a conscientious desire to honor Jesus Christ.” Unless this is his motive, the passage cannot avail him. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Therefore the strong must extend compassion and long suffering, allowing the weak time to grow, thus reaching a level of comprehension wherein he can move forward in Christ without violating his conscience (Rom. Chapter 8. He should not, in such matters, be forced to follow another’s conscience, but should be permitted, in the exercise of his inalienable right, to follow his own. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. This is a clear point, but it is one of much practical importance. "Commentary on Romans 14:5". One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike: Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind; κρίνω δʼ ἄφθονον ὄλβον, κρἵνε σέβας τὸ πρὸς θεῶν, One man judgeth day abeve day, but another Judgeth every day, πᾶσαν ἡμέραν κρίνει ἡμέραν, i.e., let each one act, and let another permit him to act, One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Chapter 14. Both were to be tolerated. Who knows not that the Christian Sabbath has never been neglected or profaned by any design to glorify the Lord Jesus, or to promote his kingdom? A second instance is given—scruples as to the observance of days. If Paul is not dealing with matters of indifference, this chapter would have Paul not only tolerating error, but encouraging it! Was this ever done by those who disregard the Christian Sabbath? New York, USA. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. 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