The VOC was a Dutch commercial company, with the sole purpose of establishing settlements or “colonies” to increase profit. Its influence also lasted long after the abolition of slavery in 1838. When Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape, he was forbidden by the Dutch to enslave any of the local people. In the city, slaves did almost all skilled work. Dutch settlement, the Indian Ocean slave trade and slavery at the Cape - seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Grade 7 - Term 3: Colonisation of the Cape in the 17th and 18th centuries, Cacadu District Municipality, Western Region, people who make horseshoes and other objects from metal, the cover of seeds, usually regarded as useless, the process of separating grain from chaff by throwing it into the air or blowing air through it. Saldanha Bay, Dassen Island and Robben Island were developed as outposts of trade and stock raising. Slaves were not allowed to gather outside the entrances of church buildings during services. People became carpenters, bricklayers, inn keepers, bankers, officials and blacksmiths. The outpost was intended to supply VOC ships on their way to Asia with fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and to enable … Free Burghers were early settlers at the Cape of Good Hope in the 18th century. The settlement on what would become the Cape Fear River was in disarray, and England would send no help. At first, the local Khoikhoi were prepared to work from time to time, helping in the gardens and doing other manual (physical) work. Free Curricula Some were sold into slavery by their families, if the family was poor and could not afford to survive. b The Huguenots constitutes a out one-sixth of the then white population. Cape Malay music originated from these slaves and the Cape Malay musical tradition is continued by the Cape Minstrel Carnival held on 2 January (Tweede Nuwe Jaar) every year. The fort stood where the Grand Parade is today in Cape Town and it contained a church and a hospital. As more Dutch settlers arrived at the Cape, they needed more workers to plant gardens, build houses and run the refreshment station. Email Wendy the title of the lapbook you wish to order at firstname.lastname@example.org, 2. They stopped at the Cape to get fresh water and food. Tutors The Cape came under VOC rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. Slavery was illegal in Holland; so on their way home to Holland they sold their slaves at the Cape. Many farms produced both wheat and grapes. Many words in Afrikaans were influenced by the languages the slaves spoke. This was known as the Company gardens. As the settlement grew, the settlers needed more and more land for farming. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. Start a hassle-free hands-on learning adventure with your students now by investing in this printable ebook now. Name 6 places from which slaves were captured and brought to the Cape. When the sailors eventually got back to Holland they gave the DEIC or VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) wonderful reports about what they had seen at the Cape – plenty of water, … They could own land and slaves, and these people played an important role in the development of the Cape. 3. The Dutch were also Protestant, and they offered the Huguenots a new home where they could be safe. They would sell some of their slaves while they were there. Among the initial reasons for their leaving the Cape colony were the English language rule. After unsuccessful efforts at colonization, the Dutch Parliament chartered the "West India Company," a national-joint stock company that would organize and oversee all Dutch ventures in the Western Hemisphere. The largest group of South African Muslims (followers of Islam) is still found in the Western Cape. Science – Senior In 1658 there were only 11 slaves at the Cape. The cape had a good climate to support settlement of the whites. They practised their religion, which was a great part of their identity. Sometimes slaves sold and bartered goods for their masters in the town. (1) Lapbooks . Then they fled into the mountains nearby. It was called the Fort de Goede Hoop and the four bastions, made of mud and stone, were named after Van Riebeeck’s other four ships: Drommedaris, Reyger, Olifant and Walvis. The DElC offered work at the Cape to both Dutch and French citizens. SA Board Game (1) The VOC was the wealthiest and most powerful trading company in the world at that time. Some of the work activities that slaves did in the home. When they got close to Cape Town, they were met by a group of soldiers. Some slave owners rented out their slaves to do unskilled work such as working in the docks. In 1825, 25-year-old Galant and the other slaves heard that the colony might abolish slavery. Some learnt new skills or used those they had learnt in their own countries and worked as cart drivers, bricklayers, builders, painters, carpenters, shoemakers, tailors and boat builders. Image source, Activity 4 Three watch-houses were also built. The fort was completed in August of 1653. The headquarters of the Company were in Batavia on the island of Java and so the Cape was a convenient half-way stop for ships sailing from Holland. . Give your opinion as to why slaves were not brought overland from Mozambique to the Cape. However, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) settled the area as a location where vessels could restock water and provisions. Field Trips, We are closing for Christmas on 16 December. In 1795, the British occupied the Cape as a strategic base against the French, controlling the sea route to the East. They had to pay any wages they earned to their owners. In time, as a result of the work of missionaries, most indigenous people became Christians. The hands-on activities are fun and develop fine motor skills.4. This can be seen by the number of mosques that have been built in the region. They were not allowed to ride on wagons and horses in the street. Those slaves who came from the East brought the religion of Islam to the Cape. About 10,000 Dutch families, for various reasons, left for the north in search of new land, thereby opening up the interior of the country. Here are some of them: All slaves had to be indoors by 10 pm and if they were not, they had to carry a light if they were on the streets. At the trial, Galant and the other slaves told the court how Van der Merwe had treated them. The original fort, built of mud, clay and timber, no longer exists, but a more permanent brick, stone and cement castle was built near to the fort some years later. Reasons for Dutch settlement at the cape. What causes scurvy? Have a blessed season. SA Art Appreciation Dismiss, (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Ages 12-16 Footprints into the 21st Century, South African History File Folder Projects. The VOC realised that the company could not produce enough food for the passing ships so they allowed some of their people to set up their own farms. They faced lives as miserable as their parents', with very little hope of escape. The cape was a good place where ships could stop to be refueled. The Cape became a meeting place for sailors and a useful port of call where messages could be exchanged. The European settlers were Christian while the Khoikhoi and Xhosa people originally followed traditional African religions. So, for the first five years at the Cape, the only slaves were stowaways. The Dutch East India Company or Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) was formed in the Holland in 1602 when a number of small trading companies united. Activity 3 Cape Dutch and Trekboers: 18th century Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. ploughing and harvesting wheat, using hand tools such as sickles, sieving the grain to remove the chaff, gathering the wheat into piles (slave children often did this). A project gives the children a reason for writing and drawing.9. Sample of a completed file folder project. The Cape was colonised by the Dutch East India Company, better known as the VOC (short for Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) in the mid-17th century. Robben Island lies 12 km away from Cape Town. Pay by EFT and select the option for the bank to send proof of payment to Wendy at the email address above, SAVINGS Account 2345020008 (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Acc holder WT Young T/A Footprints On Our Land, (For a quick currency conversion go to www.xe.com.). Van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape on 6 April 1652 as an employee of the VOC to spearhead the establishment of the refreshment outpost at the Cape. Later the same year another ship arrived with more slaves. Many slaves were skilled builders, cabinet-makers, plasterers, dressmakers, bricklayers and carpenters. Jan Van Riebeeck was born in the Netherlands in 1619. Great Britain seized the Cape settlement from the Dutch in 1795 in order to keep it out of the hands of Holland’s ally, Revolutionary France. In 1808, a slave called Lois led a rebellion. The slaves came from many different places and did not have one common language. They produced food for the growing settlement. Total: 10, Results of the Dutch arrival and settlement, Slaves at the Cape: Why slaves were brought to the Cape, Slave Lodge museum in Adderley Street. Free Printable Chore Charts What was Robben Island used for by Van Riebeeck’s men? Reasons: DEIC permanent settlement at the Cape 1652. On these voyages, many of the sailors died from a disease called scurvy. These people were called ‘Boers’, the Dutch word for ‘farmer’. As they moved inland, conflicts grew worse. The expansion of the Dutch settlement into the south-western Cape and the Cape interior led to the disintegration and impoverishment of the Khoesan. What are the reasons for the Dutch settlement at the Cape?-. Galant and the other slaves killed Van der Merwe and two other white people. The farmers earned extra money in this way. You have nothing to lose as you have 8 weeks in which to request a 100% refund if The Dutch at the Cape is not everything you expect it to be! English Language Arts Slave traders often separated partners. The Cape of Good Hope was a Dutch settlement from 1652 until 1795. For example: baie- a lot; piesang- banana; blatjang- chutney; sjambok- whip, Free burghers: The Dutch and French Huguenot immigration to the Cape. By 1729, there were 279 French Huguenots and their descendants at the Cape. A file folder project will enable your children to work on and review key information about the topic being studied.2. File folder projects are compact and easy to store.10. But, only three French people came to the Cape that year. Buy The Dutch at the Cape now and enjoy all the benefits of a file folder project. They had to sail for months to get from Europe to the East and months to sail back home. In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. Some could not afford to pay a debt, so they were enslaved as a payment of the debt. Name 3 good things that the sailors from the Haerlem said that they had found at the Cape. Later, slaves came mainly from countries along the Indian Ocean trade route because the Dutch East India Company was, by then, allowed to trade only along the East Coast of Africa and with countries in the East. He set out along with his wife, Maria (nee de la Quellerie) and about 90 others, from Texel, Holland on the Drommedaris, his flagship, the Reyger and the Goede Hoop. The VOC was controlled by the Heeren XVII or Lords Seventeen who represented the various shareholders in the Company. In time, this language became Afrikaans. What was Robben Island used for during World War 2? The file folder project includes the following topics: Use this printable file folder project pack to enhance your children’s learning about the Dutch settlement at the Cape in the 17th and 18th centuries. From 1961 to 1991 it was used as a maximum security prison. In April 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape with 100 men and women, including his wife Maria de la Quellerie. 1. Activity 2 Van Riebeeck was appointed the leader of this expedition. Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. Here they could replenish their supplies of water, fruit, vegetables and meat. They were also not allowed to stop and talk to other slaves when out on the streets. Such people were known as Free Burghers. After a brief reversion to the Dutch in the course of the Napoleonic wars, it was retaken in 1806 and kept by Britain in the post-war settlement of territorial claims. It was the gradual dispossession of local Khoikhoi pastoralists by early Dutch settlers that opened up the area for European settlement. Why do you think these bastions were built? In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. (6) Between 1688 and 1689, about 175 Huguenots settled at the Cape. Soon after the Portuguese explorer, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the Cape in 1488, other explorers found the sea route to the East and soon trade routes were established via the Cape between the East and West. The Dutch wanted to produce vegetable and fruits for the ships which sailed to India. Here they could replenish their supplies of water, fruit, vegetables and meat. Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. Slaves were in the Cape for 180 years. The whole settlement was thus protected from Hottentot incursion. It was used for military purposes during the Second World War. Most people who became slaves were captured in war and then sold to slave traders. Central to ensuring a stable supply of refreshments and meat … Before any settlement was established at the Cape, many ships called in at Table Bay for refreshment. Part of a series on Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The slaves added words from their own languages. Afrikaans High School & Matric, Preschool: ABC Fun & 1-2-3 There were also farmers outside the town. The largest farms, which produced grain or wine, rarely employed more than 50 slaves. They were housed in the Slave Lodge in Adderley Street. The Dutch also started a large garden to produce fresh fruit and vegetables for themselves and the ships stopping at the refreshment station. He organised the slaves on nearby farms to rebel against their masters. Slavery affected the economy of the Cape, as well as the lives of almost everyone living there. Altogether, 20 rebels were sentenced to death. Maths Also a sketch of its geography, p” as Want to Read: They were Huguenots, who were French Protestants who had been persecuted (treated cruelly and unfairly) by the Catholic government of France. It was common for farmers to send their slaves to work on other farms where slaves then worked as hired labour. It hoped that the French would be part of this group. This began the process of colonization of the Cape, Natal and eventually the whole of South Africa. Sometimes the VOC sent a ship to the east just to get a load of slaves. Special Needs (SEN) It has been used in various ways over the last 400 years: it has served as a hospital for lepers as well as for insane and very ill patients. Others were put into prison for taking part in the rebellion. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. A map showing where slaves came from. Cape slave owners controlled their slaves very strictly. It would be much better for slaves to be brought here.". In South Africa under Dutch settlement, there was a shortage of labour, especially on the wheat and wine farms. They hunted seals, penguins and wild animals. It still exists today, but is no longer a vegetable garden. Traders bought the goods and the slaves in the east and took them all to Europe or the Americas to trade. After 1806, a number of Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony trekked inland, first in small groups. It was very difficult for slaves in the Cape to lead normal family lives. Parent Books His successor was Simon van der Stel, a well-travelled man with exposure to wine growing in Europe. P.P.S. At the age of twenty he joined the Dutch East India Company as an assistant surgeon, but later became a very successful trader for them, in Japan, Formosa (now Taiwan) and China. On 6 April 1652, Van Riebeeck dropped anchor in Table Bay. An aerial view of the Castle in Cape Town Image source. The soldiers were armed and they defeated the slave group. The most famous prisoner during that time was Nelson Mandela. Slavery was abolished in 1834. Sometimes, the slaves resisted or fought back against their harsh owners as they did in the American South, but it was difficult to get together in groups in order to do this. Technology Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch… AFRICA had no farming. (1) They bring skills in cultivating vines, which helps to lay the basis for the Cape wine industry. AFRICA had no technology. Then they planned to talk to the authorities about peace and freedom for all slaves. AFRICA had no history Image source. The VOC wanted more settlers to leave Holland and settle at the Cape. The DEIC (Dutch East India Company) in the Netherlands was set up in 1602 to trade. At first, the local Khoikhoi were prepared to work from time to time, helping in the gardens and doing other manual (physical) work. Slave owners could use harsh punishments like whipping, starving and forcing slaves to work very long hours. AFRICA had no farming. The slaves had to learn Dutch. Looking for information about reason for dutch settlement in cape town,look no further as AboutSouthAfrica has all the information you need concerning reason for dutch settlement in cape town.Browse our site to find out all you need to know about reason for dutch settlement in cape town. When the sailors eventually got back to Holland they gave the DEIC or VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) wonderful reports about what they had seen at the Cape – plenty of water, fertile land and lots of wild animals. However, they did not want to leave their cattle and so were not always available. He was very light- skinned, and many people thought he was white. Daily Prayers for Home Educators The first slaves to arrive at the Cape came from Angola. The Portuguese, attracted by the riches of Asia, made no permanent settlement at the Cape Colony. Homeschool Questions Remember, the risk is all ours. 1. They marched to Cape Town, gathering over 300 slaves and Khoikhoi servants along the way. After some time, medical centres were built and doctors were brought over from Europe. The first thing the men did was to build a fort for protection. In 1685, the DEIC wanted to develop farming more, and so decided to send a number of new people to the Cape. 2. (5) The style and flavour of 'Cape Malay' dishes is very distinctive. Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan. Some kinder and fairer owners allowed their slaves to keep some of the money earned. Buy now using the Clickbank Secure Servers. The Dutch recognising the value of the refugees, encouraged the French families to seek new homes in Dutch settlements. A group of soldiers came from Cape Town and caught Galant and the other slaves. The Dutch stole as well as bought cattle from the Khoikhoi. GED They went on trial for murder. Explain the difference between the fort and the Castle. Afrikaans first developed as a slave language that emerged from the mixture of Dutch, English, and other European and Malay languages. (2) People could make a lot of money from this, so some groups of people started wars just so that they could take slaves. Some slave ships stopped at the Cape on their way to Europe or the Americas from Madagascar. The locals don’t want to work for us. Traditional Cape Malay foods and recipes such as bobotie, bredies and samoosas have become part of South African culture and tradition. Project packs can be incorporated into unit studies, supplement topics of study or stand alone.8. The settlers built houses, shops, taverns and offices and a new town grew. 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In afrikaans were influenced by the Dutch East India Company ( VOC ) administration and the other slaves told court! The mixture of Dutch, English, and other interesting goods from India 1652 as a location where could.
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